What is an Engaged Session in Google Analytics 4 (GA4)?

  John /   09 Sep 2023
What is an Engaged Session in Google Analytics 4 (GA4)?

As a website owner, understanding how users interact and engage with your website and its content is crucial as it gives you insights on what to improve on for better performance.

In Google Analytics 4 (GA4), you can gauge the level of visitor engagement by monitoring the "Engaged Sessions" and "Engagement Rate" metrics.

In this article, I explain to you what an engaged session and engagement rate in Google Analytics 4 means, in an easy-to-understand way.

What is a Session?

In Google Analytics, a session refers to a period during which a user interacts with your website or app.

It starts when a user lands on your website or app and ends after a period of inactivity, typically 30 minutes, although this can be adjusted.

What is an Engaged Session?

An engaged session is a session that goes beyond mere visitation — it's a session where the user is actively involved with your website or app. To qualify as an engaged session, one or more of the following criteria must be met:

  1. Duration of 10 Seconds or Longer: If a user spends more than 10 seconds on your website, it's considered an engaged session. This indicates that the visitor is investing some time in exploring your content.
  2. Conversion Event Occurs: An engaged session can also be triggered when a conversion event happens such as making a purchase or signing up for a newsletter. Essentially, it signifies that the user took a meaningful action on your site.
  3. At Least 2 Pageviews or Screenviews: If a user navigates through at least two pages or screens on your website, it qualifies as an engaged session. This shows a level of interest as they explore multiple facets of your content.

Illustrating Engaged Sessions

Let's take a look at a few scenarios to understand engaged sessions better:

Scenario 1: Browsing with Interaction

A user lands on your blog, spends less than 10 seconds reading an article, and then clicks on another article, where they spend 15 seconds before leaving. This session qualifies as an engaged session because it meets the 10-second duration and involves multiple pageviews.

Scenario 2: Quick Visit, but a Conversion

A user arrives on your e-commerce site, views a product page for just 5 seconds, but then adds an item to their cart and proceeds to checkout. Since a conversion event occurred, this session is considered engaged.

Scenario 3: Extended Reading

A user visits your blog, reads a lengthy article for 5 minutes, and then exits without further interaction. Even though there were no additional pageviews or conversion events, this session qualifies as an engaged session because it meets the criteria of having a session duration longer than 10 seconds engaging with your content.

What is Engagement Rate in Google Analytics 4?

Now that you understand what an engaged session is, let's define engagement rate, which is a common and invaluable metric in GA4.

The engagement rate refers to the percentage of engaged sessions on your property (website or mobile app). It is calculated as the number of engaged sessions divided by the total number of sessions and then multiplied by 100.

Engagement rate helps you measure the percentage of visits to your website or app that performed some form of meaningful engagement.

Why Engaged Sessions and Engagement Rate Matter

Engaged sessions and engagement rate metrics offer invaluable insights for website owners as they help in measuring the effectiveness of the content and user experience.

A higher engagement rate suggests that your content is resonating with visitors, potentially leading to higher conversion rates and more satisfied users.


In essence, an engaged session in Google Analytics 4 signifies meaningful interaction and engagement between a user and your website or app.

By understanding and harnessing the power of engaged sessions, you can make informed decisions to enhance your website's user experience and ultimately achieve your goals, be it higher sales, more sign-ups, or increased readership.